Research & Reports

Responsible Risk: How putting a price on environmental risk makes disasters less likely

Environmental disasters — for example, train derailments, tailings pond failures, or oil spills — are infrequent, but also potentially costly. The economic activity that drives our prosperity comes with risk to the environment. We cannot eliminate that risk, but we can do more to manage it. Putting a price on environmental risk is key to doing so.

Clearing the air: How carbon pricing helps Canada fight climate change

We’ve come a long way in Canada. We have real, working examples of both carbon taxes and cap-and-trade systems that are reducing GHG emissions while maintaining strong economies. Yet the growing consensus around carbon pricing is not yet universal. This essay unpacks carbon pricing in (mostly) jargon-free language. Just the facts.

Only the Pipes Should Be Hidden: Best practices for pricing and improving municipal water and wastewater services

Well-designed user fees can improve conservation, fund infrastructure, and protect water quality. This report uses five case studies to highlight the progress that Canadian municipalities have made in improving the sustainability of their water systems. It concludes with 10 best practices for designing and implementing user fees for water and wastewater services, based on experience in Canadian cities.

Course Correction: It’s Time to Rethink Canadian Biofuel Policies

We assess the economic and environmental case for biofuel policies in Canada and examine the extent to which biofuel policies have achieved their stated objectives. The report finds that biofuels policies have reduced GHG emissions by 3 Mt per year, however they have done so at a very high cost. Finally, we conclude that low-carbon transportation policies are still needed to complement carbon pricing policies.