The People Behind The Commission
Canada’s Ecofiscal Commission was formed by a group of experienced, policy-minded economists from across the country. With hundreds of years of combined experience, they have helped design, implement, and analyze policies for governments across Canada.
FormerlyClifford Clark Visiting Economist, Finance Canada
Special Advisor to the Governor, Bank of Canada
Christopher Ragan is an Associate Professor in the Department of Economics at McGill University. He is the Chair of Canada’s Ecofiscal Commission, which launched in November 2014 with a 5-year horizon to identify policy options to improve environmental and economic performance in Canada. He is also a member of the federal finance minister’s Advisory Council on Economic Growth, which began in early 2016.
Chris Ragan is also a Research Fellow at the C.D. Howe Institute, from 2010-13 he held the Institute’s David Dodge Chair in Monetary Policy, and for many years was a member of the Monetary Policy Council. In 2009-10, he was the Clifford Clark Visiting Economist at Finance Canada; in 2004-05 he served as Special Advisor to the Governor of the Bank of Canada. In 2010-12 he was the President of the Ottawa Economics Association.
Ragan’s published research focuses mostly on the conduct of macroeconomic policy. His 2004 book, co-edited with William Watson, is called Is the Debt War Over? In 2007 he published A Canadian Priorities Agenda, co-edited with Jeremy Leonard and France St-Hilaire from the Institute for Research on Public Policy. He is the author of Economics (formerly co-authored with Richard Lipsey), which after fifteen editions is still the most widely used introductory economics textbook in Canada. Ragan also has a regular column in The Globe and Mail. Ragan teaches regularly for McKinsey & Company in its internal MBA program. He also teaches in EDHEC’s Global MBA program in France. In 2007 Ragan was awarded the Noel Fieldhouse teaching prize at McGill University.
Ragan received his B.A. (Honours) in economics in 1984 from the University of Victoria and his M.A. in economics from Queen’s University in 1985. He then moved to Cambridge, Massachusetts where he completed his Ph.D. in economics at M.I.T. in 1989. See his personal McGill website for downloads of his published research as well as his newspaper columns: http://people.mcgill.ca/christopher.ragan/
FormerlyPresident and CEO, Atlantic Provinces Economic Council
Elizabeth Beale is an economist. She recently retired as President and CEO of the Atlantic Provinces Economic Council (APEC), a position she held from 1996 to 2015. She currently serves as a director of Wawanesa Insurance, Invest Nova Scotia, DHX Media, and Compute Canada. She remains active in Canadian public policy as a commissioner of Canada’s Ecofiscal Commission, advisory board member for Smart Prosperity, member of the National Statistics Council and member of the Board of Economic Advisors for the government of Prince Edward Island. In 2015, she was appointed as a lifetime member of the Atlantic Canada Economics Association and Fellow of the World Academy of Productivity Science.
Ms. Beale has served as an advisor to government and industry on economic strategies for Atlantic Canada throughout her career, authoring numerous studies on regional development, labour market, and trade topics. She has combined her commitment to progressive policy research with civil society engagement, serving as governor of Dalhousie University from 2000 to 2010, director of the University of Prince Edward Island’s research commercialization initiative (Three Oaks Innovation) from 2006 to 2010 and advisory board member of the Leslie Harris Centre of Regional Policy and Development at Memorial University from 2005 to 2014.
Ms. Beale is a graduate of the universities of Toronto (B.A.) and Dalhousie (M.A. Economics). She resides in Halifax, Nova Scotia.
FormerlyDeputy Minister, Environment Canada
Deputy Minister, Finance, Saskatchewan
Paul Boothe was appointed Professor and Director of the Lawrence National Centre for Policy and Management at the Ivey Business School, Western University in September 2012. His career has included university research and teaching, acting as an independent consultant to Canadian and international organizations, and serving at the deputy minister level in provincial and federal governments.
Dr. Boothe’s public sector career includes serving as the Deputy Minister of Finance and Secretary to Treasury Board for Saskatchewan (1999-2001), Associate Deputy Minister of Finance and G7 Deputy for Canada (2004-2005), Senior Associate Deputy Minister of Industry (2007-2010) and Deputy Minister of the Environment (2010-2012).
He was appointed to the faculty of the University of Alberta from 1984 to 2007. He has authored more than 70 publications in the areas of macroeconomics, international finance, debt management and public finance. An internationally recognized scholar, he was promoted to full professor in 1991. He founded the Institute for Public Economics in 1997. As an independent consultant, he has worked with Canadian and international clients in the areas of monetary and fiscal policy, and public sector management.
Dr. Boothe was trained in economics at Western (Hons BA) and UBC (PhD).
Clerk of the Privy Council
Mel Cappe is Professor in the School of Public Policy and Governance, University of Toronto. From 2006- 2011 he was President of the Institute for Research on Public Policy. Prior to that for four years he was High Commissioner (Ambassador) for Canada to the United Kingdom. Before that he served as Clerk of the Privy Council, Secretary to the Cabinet and Head of the Public Service.
Earlier in his career he held senior economic and policy positions in the Departments of Finance and Industry. He was Deputy Secretary to the Treasury Board, Deputy Minister of the Environment, Deputy Minister of Human Resources Development, Deputy Minister of Labour and Chairman of the Employment Insurance Commission.
He has graduate degrees in Economics from the Universities of Western Ontario and Toronto and honourary doctorates from both. He is an Officer of the Order of Canada and a recipient of the Queen’s Golden and Diamond Jubilee Medals.
FormerlyMember of the Technical Committee on Business Taxation
Bev Dahlby is a Distinguished Fellow in the School of Public Policy and Professor of Economics at the University of Calgary.
Bev has served as a policy advisor to the federal and provincial governments in Canada on the reform of business taxation, the fiscal equalization program, tax credits for television and film industry, taxation of inbound foreign direct investment, saving non-renewable resource revenues, and programs in support of research and development and innovation.
His international experience includes advisory work on tax reform in Malawi for the IMF, in Thailand for the Thailand Development Research Institute in Bangkok, and in Brazil for the World Bank.
Bev served on Statistics Canada’s advisory council from 2005 to 2012. In 2010-11, he was a member of the Expert Panel on Federal Support to Research and Development (Jenkins Panel).
He has published extensively on tax policy and fiscal federalism. In May 2010, Bev was awarded the Doug Purvis Memorial Prize by the Canadian Economics Association for a work of excellence relating to Canadian economic policy.
Bev has a PhD in economics from the London School of Economics.
FormerlySenior Vice President & Chief Economist, TD Bank
Associate Deputy Minister, Finance Canada
Don Drummond was Senior Vice President and Chief Economist for the TD Bank from 2000 to 2010 and from 2001 until his retirement, he headed government relations for the bank. Drummond served extensively in the federal Department of Finance Canada, and as a scholar at Queen’s University.
In 2011-12, he was appointed to head the Commission on the Reform of Ontario’s Public Services to look at which areas of service delivery are core to the Ontario government’s mandate, which areas could be delivered more efficiently by another entity and how to get better value for taxpayers’ money in delivering public services.
Mr. Drummond held senior positions in the areas of economic analysis and forecasting, fiscal policy and tax including Assistant Deputy Minister of Fiscal Policy and Economic Analysis, Assistant Deputy Minister of Tax Policy & Legislation and most recently, Associate Deputy Minister responsible for economic analysis, fiscal policy, tax policy, social policy and federal-provincial relations and the planning of the annual federal budgets.
Drummond is a graduate of the University of Victoria and holds an M.A. (Economics) from Queen’s University. He was awarded a Doctor of Laws honoris causa from Queen’s in 2010.
Stewart Elgie is a professor of law and economics at the University of Ottawa, and director of the University’s interdisciplinary Environment Institute. He received his Masters of Law from Harvard, and his doctorate (J.S.D.) from Yale (thesis on forest carbon markets). He is also the founder and chair of Sustainable Prosperity, Canada’s major green economy think tank and policy-research network. His research involves many aspects of environmental and economic sustainability, with a particular focus in recent years on market-based approaches.
Elgie started his career as an environmental lawyer in Alaska, litigating over the Valdez oil spill. He returned to Canada and founded Ecojustice, now Canada’s largest non-profit environmental law organization. He was later hired by Pew Trusts as founding executive director of the multi-stakeholder Canadian Boreal Initiative. Prior to his faculty position at University of Ottawa (2004), Elgie held appoints (part-time) at several Canadian universities (U.B.C., Alberta, York). He has served on or chaired many advisory bodies in the environment/sustainability area.
In 2001, Elgie was awarded the Law Society of Upper Canada medal for exceptional lifetime contributions to law as the youngest man ever to receive the profession’s highest honour.
Senior Vice-President and Chief Economist of The Conference Board of Canada, Glen Hodgson is the Board’s chief spokesperson on economic issues.
He has published two books and over 225 articles and briefings. He has written extensively on Canadian tax reform and has co-authored a series on the economics of pro sports in Canada. Glen is leading a new Conference Board research initiative, the Canadian Alliance for Sustainable Health Care (CASHC), just as he led the creation of the Board’s Global Commerce Centre.
Previously, Mr. Hodgson spent 10 years at Export Development Canada (EDC) and a decade with the federal Department of Finance. From 1984 to 1988, Mr. Hodgson served at the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in Washington D.C., as Advisor/Assistant to the Executive Director for Canada, Ireland and the Caribbean.
Mr. Hodgson has a B.A. (Honours) in Economics from the University of Manitoba, a M.A. in Economics from McGill University, and pursued Ph.D. studies at McGill. He is the current president of the Ottawa Economics Association.
Richard G. Lipsey, FRSC, OC, Fellow of the Econometric Society, and Professor Emeritus at Simon Fraser University, has held professorial posts at the London School of Economics and Essex University in England, and Queen’s University in Kingston, Ontario, as well as visiting professorships at Yale, the University of California at Berkeley, Manchester, and the University of British Columbia. He was Senior Economic Advisor, C.D. Howe Institute (1983-89) and Fellow of the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (1989-2002).
His several textbooks have been translated into more than 15 foreign languages and he has written more than 180 articles and book chapters on theoretical and applied economics and policy. His book Economic Transformations: General Purpose Technologies and Long Term Economic Growth (Richard Lipsey, Kenneth Carlaw and Clifford Bekar) won the 2006 Schumpeter prize for distinguished writing on evolutionary economics. He was awarded the SSHRC gold medal for distinguished lifetime achievement in 2005 and in 2011 he received one of three inaugural fellowships awarded by the Canadian Economics Society.
He co-founded Simon Fraser’s ACT (Adaptation to Climate Change Team), the only university-based think tank initiative in North America dedicated to climate change adaptation.
He has a Ph.D. from the London School of Economics.
FormerlyMember of the Technical Committee on Business Taxation
Nancy Olewiler is an economist and Professor of Public Policy in the School of Public Policy, Simon Fraser University. Prior to coming to the Economics department at SFU in 1990, she was a professor in the Economics department at Queen’s University.
Her PhD is in economics from the University of British Columbia. Nancy’s areas of research include natural resource and environmental economics and policy. She has published in academic journals, edited books, has written two widely used textbooks – The Economics of Natural Resource Use and Environmental Economics, and produced numerous reports for the Canadian federal and provincial governments on a wide range of environmental and natural resource issues, including studies on energy and climate policy, natural capital and ecosystem services, and federal tax policy. From 1990 to 1995 she was Managing Editor of Canadian Public Policy.
She is a research advisor and mentor for the Environment and Economy Program for Southeast Asia and the Latin America and Caribbean Environmental Economics Program where she helps supervise research undertaken by researchers in those regions on environmental economics and natural resource issues. She has served on the Board of Directors for BC Hydro and TransLink.
France St-Hilaire is vice-president of research, having joined the Institute for Research on Public Policy (IRPP) as a research director in 1992. She currently oversees the Institute’s research agenda and coordinates ongoing projects in economic and social policy.
France is the author of a number of monographs and articles on public finance, social policy and fiscal federalism, as well as co-editor of several volumes published by the IRPP, including the most recent Art of the State volume Northern Exposure: Peoples, Powers and Prospects in Canada’s North (2009), A Canadian Priorities Agenda: Policy Choices to Improve Economic and Social Well-Being (2007) and Money, Politics and Health Care: Reconstructing the Federal-Provincial Partnership (2004).
She holds a graduate degree in economics from the Université de Montréal, and has worked as a researcher at the Institute for Policy Analysis at the University of Toronto and in the Department of Economics at the University of Western Ontario.
Composed of some of Canda’s most respected leaders in industry, the environment, and across the political spectrum, the Commission’s Advisory Board provides critical insight, guidance, and a wealth of perspectives on designing practical and effective ecofiscal policies for Canada’s unique context.
In her role as President and Chief Executive Officer of GE Canada and Vice President GE, Elyse is a passionate champion for Canada’s competitiveness, advancing the country’s science and technology base and competitive fiscal policy.
She actively engages in developing and shaping public policy through industry groups, research and advocacy organizations. Elyse serves on the Board of Directors for the C.D. Howe Institute and the Conference Board of Canada. As well, she recently completed her Board term at the Canadian Council of Chief Executives and the Canadian Chamber of Commerce, where she also served as Chair. Elyse has participated on a number of federal and provincial government advisory boards focused on Canada’s competitiveness, energy strategy, economic development, transportation strategy and access to credit. Elyse works to advance innovation and entrepreneurism through her role on the MaRS Discovery District Board of Directors and the leadership council for Scale Up Ventures. She has been recognized as a Top 100 Women of Influence by the Women’s Executive Network, is a YWCA 2012 Woman of Distinction (Business), and by Maclean’s and Canadian Business Magazines as one of Canada’s most influential business leaders. In 2014, Elyse was appointed Member of the Order of Canada for her community engagement and achievements as an innovative business leader.
Elyse’s GE career began in 1984 and has spanned the US, Canada and several industrial and consumer GE businesses including aviation, energy and lighting. Her career outside GE included executive positions in the health care, energy and non-profit sectors.
She received a Bachelor of Arts degree from Dartmouth College in New Hampshire where she studied Biology and environmental studies and an MBA from the Amos Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth. An active alumnus, she currently serves on the Tuck School Board of Overseers. Elyse holds honorary doctorate degrees from Ryerson University, Saint Mary’s University and Royal Roads University.
Dominic Barton is the Global Managing Director of McKinsey & Company. In his 28 years with the firm, Dominic has advised clients in a range of industries including banking, consumer goods, high tech and industrial. He was based in Shanghai as McKinsey’s Asia Chairman from 2004-09 and led the Korea office from 2000-04.
Dominic has authored more than 80 articles on the role of business in society, leadership, financial services, Asia, history and markets worldwide. He co-authored, with Roberto Newell and Greg Wilson, Dangerous Markets: Managing in Financial Crises (Wiley & Sons, 2002) and China Vignettes: An Inside Look at China (Talisman, 2007). Dominic leads McKinsey’s work on the future of capitalism. One such project was a task force on Inclusive Capitalism that developed approaches that create both social and economic value.
He is a member of the Canadian Prime Minister’s Advisory Committee on the Public Service, the Advisory Board for the China Development Bank Capital Group, and the Singapore Economic Development Board’s International Advisory Council; a Trustee of the Brookings Institution; an advisor to the Asia Development Bank; and a Board Member of the Asia Pacific Foundation of Canada. Dominic has received multiple awards,for example, in February 2013 the Order of Civil Merit (Peony Medal) and in August 2014 the Singaporean Public Service Star.
He is a Rhodes Trustee and an Honorary Fellow at Brasenose College, Oxford. Dominic is also an Adjunct Professor at Tsinghua University, Beijing.
FormerlyPremier of Quebec
Jean Charest is a Partner in the Montréal office of McCarthy Tétrault. With a public service career spanning almost 30 years, Jean Charest is one of Canada’s best known political figures. Mr. Charest was first elected to the House of Commons in 1984 and, at age 28, became Canada’s youngest cabinet minister as Minister of State for Youth.
In 1992, as Minister of the Environment he led Canada’s delegation to the Rio Earth Summit on the economy and the environment. Mr. Charest has also served as Minister of Industry and Deputy Prime Minister of Canada. In 1994, Jean Charest became Leader of the federal Progressive Conservative Party, becoming the party’s first French Canadian leader. In 1998 he became the Leader of the Québec Liberal Party. He then broke a 50-year provincial record, winning three consecutive election campaigns in 2003, 2007 and 2008.
Under his leadership, Québec experienced stronger economic growth than the US, Europe and Canada, during the global financial crisis. Charest’s government was a world leader on climate change, bringing forward the first carbon levy in North America.
Mr. Charest has received the many distinguished awards and honours, including being member of the Queen’s Privy Council for Canada, June 1986 (Canada); Commandeur of the Légion d’honneur, February 2009 (France); The Woodrow Wilson Award for Public Service, October 2011 (United-States).
Mr. Charest has been a lecturer in political science at Concordia University. He obtained his law degree from the University of Sherbrooke in 1980 and was admitted to the Québec bar in 1981.
Karen Clarke-Whistler is an environmental scientist who is widely recognized as a thought leader in environmental business matters. Prior to joining TD she spent more than 15 years consulting to a diverse base of clients in North and South America, Europe and Africa.
Karen is responsible for developing a program that embeds an environmental perspective into TD’s core business strategy. As a result TD is recognized as a North American environmental leader and as a global climate leader.
Through Karen’s leadership TD has been able to demonstrate a strong positive link between the environment and the economy. TD’s numerous innovations include being the first North American-based bank to be carbon neutral, development of net zero energy branches, creation of low carbon product offerings, and being the first Canadian commercial financial institution to issue a green bond. Collaboration with TD Economics has resulted in a series of papers on the green economy.
Karen’s was recognized as one of the 2014 Clean16 for her outstanding contribution to clean capitalism within the financial services sector. She supports a number of groups focused on environmental innovation and collaborative problem solving, including the Boreal Leadership Council, Business Network for Sustainability, Private Sector Advisory Board to the Network Centres of Excellence (NCE), and advisor to Canada’s Commissioner of Environment and Sustainable Development.
Karen holds a master’s degree in land resource science from Canada’s University of Guelph and a bachelor’s degree in ecology from the University of Toronto.
FormerlyTreasurer of Alberta
Jim Dinning is the Chair of the boards of Western Financial Group (financial services) and Liquor Stores NA Ltd (liquor retail) and past chair of Export Development Canada (trade finance). He is director of a number of other public and private companies and not for profit organizations.
Mr. Dinning held key positions during his 11 years as a member of the Alberta legislative assembly, including provincial treasurer from 1992 to 1997. After his elected career, he served as Executive Vice President of TransAlta Corporation.
Jim is a graduate of Queen’s University with a Bachelor of Commerce and a Masters in Public Administration. He received an honorary Doctor of Laws degree from the University of Calgary in 2002 and, having completed a four-year term as Chancellor of the University of Calgary in mid 2014, was named Chancellor Emeritus. He is Chair Emeritus of Canada West Foundation and Director Emeritus of the Institute for Research on Public Policy.
Peter Gilgan is Founder and CEO of Mattamy Homes, the largest privately owned homebuilder in North America, with more than 60,000 homes built in hundreds of communities across Canada and the United States.
One of Canada’s most successful entrepreneurs, Mr. Gilgan was awarded one of the country’s highest civilian honours in 2013 when he was appointed to the Order of Canada, in recognition of his innovative leadership in Canada’s construction industry, and for his philanthropic support of initiatives in health care, education and athletics. Mr. Gilgan was also named to the Order of Ontario in 2012, for his business leadership and philanthropic initiatives. In 2013, he was inducted as a Companion into the Canadian Business Hall of Fame and honoured with a Queen’s Diamond Jubilee Medal.
Mr. Gilgan’s multi-million dollar commitment to philanthropy and community building is unparalleled, from health care to physical activity to higher education and community legacies – he truly is a respected and dedicated community leader.
In March 2012, Mr. Gilgan announced the largest gift to a pediatric hospital in Canadian history with his $40 million donation to SickKids Hospital. In November 2011, he announced an historic $15 million gift to Ryerson University for the development of a new student and community athletic centre at the site of the former Maple Leaf Gardens. In 2010, Mr. Gilgan kicked off the capital campaign to build the New Oakville Hospital with a $10 million pacesetting gift.
FormerlyPremier of B.C.
Mayor of Vancouver
As former premier of British Columbia, Mayor of Vancouver and City Councilor, Mike Harcourt helped British Columbia earn its reputation as one of the most liveable, accessible and inclusive places in the world. His focus on conservation and sustainable development – and his resolve to contribute to the transformation of cities and communities around the world – has played a significant role in promoting quality of life for those in Canada and abroad.
Mr. Harcourt was appointed by the Prime Minister of Canada to the National Round Table on the Environment and the Economy, and chaired the Urban Sustainability Program. He is Honorary Co-Chair at the University of British Columbia’s President’s Advisory Council on sustainability.
He is the author of A Measure of Defiance, and co-author of Plan B: One Man’s Journey from Tragedy to Triumph and City Making in Paradise: Nine Decisions That Saved Greater Vancouver’s Livability.
Harcourt’s exemplary career as Lawyer, Community Activist, and Politician has been honoured with the Woodrow Wilson Award for Public Service, the Canadian Urban Institute’s Jane Jacobs Lifetime Achievement Award, and the Order of Canada.
Mr. Harcourt holds a B.A. and a L.L.B. from the University of British Columbia, and has been awarded Honourary Degrees from UBC, Royal Roads University, Simon Fraser University, University of Northern B.C., Kwantlen Polytechnic University, B.C. Institute of Technology and Okanagan University College.
Bruce is President of the Ivey Foundation, a private charitable foundation in Canada, a Director of the Ontario Power Authority, a Director of Philanthropic Foundations Canada and a Director of the San Francisco-based Consultative Group on Biological Diversity.
Bruce is co-author of the best-selling books Toxin, Toxout: Getting Harmful Chemicals Out of Our Bodies and Our World, and Slow Death by Rubber Duck. He is an Honorary Director of the Canadian Association of Physicians for the Environment and a founding Director of Canadians for Clean Prosperity. In 2014 Bruce received Earth Day Canada’s Lifetime Achievement Award.
Bruce is well known for his work in convening large collaborative efforts among businesses, NGOs and government that achieve significant progress. Examples include the Canadian Boreal Forest Agreement, one of the world’s largest conservation initiatives, and his pioneering role in connecting environmental issues to human health, most notably with the shutdown of coal-fired power plants in Ontario, the single largest climate action taken in Canada.
Bruce is a founder of a number of for profit and non-profit organizations including Summerhill Group, the Sustainability Network, and the Canadian Environmental Grantmakers’ Network. He has acted on numerous international, federal, provincial and municipal bodies advising on environmental, health and energy policy issues. Bruce holds a B.Sc. in Geology and a Master’s in Environmental Studies.
FormerlyMinister of Finance, Saskatchewan
Janice MacKinnon is a professor of fiscal policy at the University of Saskatchewan, a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada and a former Saskatchewan Finance Minister. She has an Honours B.A. from the University of Western Ontario and an M.A. and a PhD from Queen’s. She is the author of three books, The Liberty We Seek published by Harvard University Press, While the Women Only Wept and Minding the Public Purse.
Between 1991 and 2001 she was a Cabinet Minister in Saskatchewan and held various portfolios including Minister of Finance, Minister of Social Services, Minister of Economic Development, and Government House leader. During her tenure as Finance Minister, Saskatchewan became the first government in Canada to balance its budget in the 1990s.
She is Chair of the Board of Directors of the OmubudService for Life and Health Insurance, and she is on the Board of Directors of the Canada West Foundation. In 2009 she was appointed to the National Task Force on Financial Literacy and in 2010 Federal Finance Minister Jim Flaherty appointed her as Chair of Canada’s Economic Advisory Council. She is also a public commentator on fiscal and political issues in Canada.
In 2012 she was appointed to the Order of Canada. In 2013 she was selected as one of Canada’s 25 Women of Influence and in 2014 Federal Finance Minister Joe Oliver re-appointed her as Chair of Canada’s Economic Advisory Council.
FormerlyLeader of the Official Opposition, Canada
Preston Manning, PC CC AOE, is Founder and President of the Manning Centre for Building Democracy, which he founded in 2005. He is also a Senior Fellow of both the Fraser Institute and the Marketplace Institute at Regent College, UBC.
Mr. Manning served as a Member of Parliament from 1993 to 2001. He founded two new political parties – the Reform Party of Canada and the Canadian Reform Conservative Alliance – both of which became the official Opposition in the Canadian Parliament, and laid the foundation for the new Conservative Party of Canada. Mr. Manning served as Leader of the Opposition from 1997 to 2000 and was also his party’s science and technology critic. In 2007 Preston Manning was made a Companion of the Order of Canada and in 2013 was appointed to the Privy Council.
Mr. Manning is an advocate of “green conservatism” – stressing the importance of “living within our means” ecologically as well as fiscally and the benefits of harnessing market mechanisms to environmental conservation.
Mr. Manning graduated from the University of Alberta with a BA in Economics and worked as a consultant to the energy industry for twenty years before entering the political arena. He has received honorary degrees from the University of Calgary, University of Alberta, Southern Alberta Institute of Technology, Tyndale University College, York University, and the University of Toronto.
FormerlyPrime Minister of Canada
During his tenure as Minister of Finance, Paul Martin erased Canada’s deficit, subsequently recording five consecutive budget surpluses while paying down the national debt and setting Canada’s debt-to-GDP ratio on a steady downward track. He was the inaugural Chair of the Finance Ministers’ G-20 in 1999.
During his tenure as Prime Minister, Mr. Martin set in place a ten year, forty-one billion dollar plan to improve health care and reduce wait times; signed agreements with the provinces and territories to establish the first national early learning and child care program and created a new financial deal for Canada’s municipalities. Under his leadership an historic deal was reached with Aboriginal people of Canada to eliminate the funding gaps in health, education and housing known as the Kelowna Accord.
After leaving politics, Mr. Martin founded the Martin Aboriginal Education Initiative focusing on elementary and secondary education for Aboriginal students and the Capital for Aboriginal Prosperity and Entrepreneurship (CAPE) Fund, whose aim is to aid in developing business expertise and mentoring for Aboriginal business..
Internationally, he chairs the Congo Basin Forest Fund, sits on the Advisory Council of the Coalition for Dialogue on Africa, and is a Commissioner for the Global Ocean Commission.
Before entering politics, Mr. Martin was Chairman and CEO of The CSL Group Inc., the largest self-unloading shipping company in the world.
Mr. Martin studied philosophy and history at St. Michael’s College at the University of Toronto and is a graduate of the University of Toronto Faculty of Law. He was called to the Ontario Bar in 1966.
Dr. Jack Mintz is the President’s Fellow of the School of Public Policy at the University of Calgary as of July 1, 2015 after servng as Palmer Chair and Director since 2008. He was the President and CEO of the C. D. Howe Institute from 1999-2006. Dr. Mintz was a Professor at the Rotman School of Business from 1989-2007.
Dr. Mintz serves on the boards of Imperial Oil Limited, Morneau Shepell and is Vice-president of the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. As of September 1, 2015, he has been appointed as the National Policy Advisor for the accounting firm EY.
Widely published in the field of public economics, he was touted in a 2004 UK magazine publication and the American Bar Association Who’s Who Legal 2014 as one of the world’s most influential tax experts. He serves as an Associate Editor of International Tax and Public Finance and the Canadian Tax Journal.
He chaired the federal government’s Technical Committee on Business Taxation in 1996 and 1997 that led to corporate tax reform in Canada since 2000. He also served as chair of the Alberta Financial and Investment Policy Advisory Commission in 2007 that reviewed saving policy of the Alberta government.
Dr. Mintz became a member of the Order of Canada in 2015 as well as receiving the Queen Elizabeth Diamond Jubilee Medal in 2012 for service to the Canadian tax policy community. He received his BA from the University of Alberta, his MA from Queen’s University and his Ph.D. from the University of Essex.
FormerlyPremier of Ontario
Bob Rae works with First Nations across Canada as legal counsel, advisor, negotiator, and arbitrator, including as an Advisor to the Matawa Chiefs Tribal Council respecting the potential development of the area in north western Ontario known as The Ring of Fire. In addition to his legal practice, Bob teaches at the University of Toronto as a Distinguished Senior Fellow at the School of Public Policy and Governance (SPPG).
Bob was elected eleven times to the House of Commons and the Ontario Legislature between 1978 and 2013. He served as Ontario’s 21st Premier from 1990 to 1995 and Interim Federal Leader and foreign affairs critic for the Liberal Party of Canada from 2011- 2013, a time of significant restructuring. In 2011 he was chosen by his colleagues as Parliamentarian of the Year.
Bob resigned from Parliament in 2013 to return to legal practice and, in particular, to use his legal, political and strategic skills to assist First Nations communities. Bob has written four books: “From Protest To Power”, “The Three Questions”, “Canada in the Balance” and “Exporting Democracy”.
He was named Queen’s Council in 1984. He has received numerous Honorary Degrees and Awards from universities, colleges, and a wide assortment of organizations across Canada and abroad for his public service. He was appointed to the Privy Council of Canada in 1998, named an Officer of the Order of Canada in 2000 and received the Order of Ontario in 2004.
Bob graduated as a Rhodes Scholar from Oxford University in 1971 and University of Toronto Law School in 1979.
Peter Robinson began his career working as a park ranger in wilderness areas throughout British Columbia, where he was decorated for bravery by the Governor General of Canada. After his park career, he worked at BC Housing, a provincial crown corporation, eventually becoming its CEO. Prior to his appointment as CEO of the David Suzuki Foundation, he was the CEO of Mountain Equipment Co-op.
Peter has a long history of humanitarian work, including monitoring prison conditions with the International Red Cross in Rwanda in 1998, and leading a team for seven years that monitored detained asylum seekers in British Columbia. He has served as the Chair of the Board of Governors and the Chancellor of Royal Roads University in Victoria, and with the Board of Governors of the Canadian Red Cross Society. More recently, he was appointed to the Board of Directors of Imagine Canada, an organization that supports charities across the country.
Peter holds a Doctor of Social Sciences, a Master of Arts in Conflict Analysis and Management, a Bachelor of Arts in Geography, as well as diplomas in Community Economic Development and Fish & Wildlife Management.
Engineer, entrepreneur and philanthropist, Lorne Trottier has poured his passion for science into research, technological development and education in Quebec.
In 1976, he co-founded Matrox Electronic Systems Ltd., a company known for its innovative computer graphics products. Through his technical innovation and market sense, he has helped Matrox become a leading multinational company in the field of computer graphics, video and imaging.
He is a Board Member of the Trottier Energy Futures Project (TEFP), a project to chart a course for Canada in the reduction of its energy-related greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 80% below 1990 levels by 2050, which is overseen by a board comprising the President of the Trottier Family Foundation, the President of the Canadian Academy of Engineering, and the Chief Executive Officer of the David Suzuki Foundation.
He was named a member of the Order of Canada in 2007. He holds three Honorary Doctorate of Science degrees, one from McGill University (1996), one from École Polytechnique de Montréal (2011), and the other from the University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT) in
He is unfailing in support of his alma mater, McGill University, in addition to supporting École Polytechnique Montreal and the Montreal Science Centre.
Annette Verschuren is Chair and CEO of NRStor Inc., an energy storage technologies venture. Formerly she was president of The Home Depot Canada and Asia, overseeing its growth from 19 to 180 stores (1996-2011) and entry into China, and president and co-owner of Michaels of Canada, the country’s largest chain of arts and crafts stores. Ms. Verschuren began her career with the Cape Breton Development Corporation, a coal mining operation in Nova Scotia.
Ms. Verschuren holds board positions with Liberty Mutual Insurance Group, Air Canada, Saputo, Canadian Natural Resources Limited, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health Foundation (CAMH) and the Conference Board of Canada. She serves as a member of the North American Competitiveness Council, appointed by Prime Minister Stephen Harper, was a member of Finance Minister Flaherty’s Economic Advisory Council. She chairs the Ontario Clean Energy Task Force and the Federal Government’s Expert Panel for the Venture Capital Action Plan. She’s also Chancellor of Cape Breton University, and chairs fundraising efforts for the University’s new Verschuren Centre for Sustainability in Energy & the Environment (VCSEE).
Ms. Verschuren was appointed as an Officer of The Order of Canada (2011) for her contribution to the retail industry and Corporate Social Responsibility. She’s been honoured by Canada’s Marketing Hall of Legends (2010) and the Nova Scotia Business Hall of Fame (2010). Recently the Public Policy Forum honoured Ms. Verschuren for her many contributions to public policy.
Ms. Verschuren holds four honorary doctorate degrees and has a Bachelor of Business Administration degree from St. Francis Xavier University.
FormerlyChair, Inuit Circumpolar Council (ICC)
Sheila Watt-Cloutier is the past Chair of Inuit Circumpolar Council (ICC), the organization that represents internationally the 155,000 Inuit of Canada, Greenland, Alaska, and Chukotka (Russia). Ms. Watt-Cloutier was instrumental as a spokesperson for a coalition of northern Indigenous Peoples in the global negotiations that led to the 2001 Stockholm Convention banning the generation and use of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) that contaminate the arctic food web.
During the past several years, Ms. Watt-Cloutier has alerted the world that Inuit will not become a footnote to the onslaught of globalization by working through the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights to defend Inuit human rights against the impacts of climate change. She is writing a book to further share her message to the world: “The Right to be Cold.”
Ms. Watt-Cloutier has received many awards and honours, including being publicly nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize. In April 2008, the Public Policy Forum honoured her with a Testimonial Award. On behalf of ICC Canada, Ms. Watt-Cloutier received the inaugural Global Environment Award from the World Association of Non-Governmental Organizations in recognition for her POPs work. Sheila was made an Officer in the Order of Canada in December 2006 and in 2005, she was honoured with the United Nations Champion of the Earth Award and the Sophie prize in Norway. She also received the 2004 Aboriginal Achievement Award for Environment.
She has been recognized with 15 honorary doctorates. In 2010 she was named one of 25 Transformational Canadians by the Globe and Mail and CTV, and in 2012 her life’s work was memorialized in a Canadian stamp.
Steve Williams serves as the President and Chief Executive Officer of Suncor Energy. His career with Suncor began in May 2002 when he was appointed executive vice-president, Corporate Development and chief financial officer. He has also served as executive vice-president, Oil Sands and chief operating officer.
Steve has more than 39 years of international energy industry experience, including 18 years at Esso/Exxon. He is a fellow of the Institution of Chemical Engineers and is a member of the Institute of Directors. Steve is one of 12 founding CEOs of Canada’s Oil Sands Innovation Alliance (COSIA) and a member of the advisory board of Canada’s Ecofiscal Commission. In November, 2015, Steve was chosen as the Canadian CEO of the Year by the Globe & Mail, Report on Business Magazine. In January, 2016, he was elected to the Board of Directors of the Business Council of Canada (formerly known as the Canadian Council of Chief Executives). Steve also serves as vice-chair of the Alberta Premier’s Advisory Committee on the Economy.
He is active in the community, having co-chaired the 2014 Canadian Olympic Hall of Fame Gala in Calgary as part of the 2014 Celebration of Excellence in Alberta that raised proceeds for the Canadian Olympic Foundation. He serves as co-chair of Indspire’s “Building Brighter Futures Campaign” and is the Awards Dinner Chair for the Canada Institute, Woodrow Wilson Awards.
Steve holds a Bachelor of Science degree in chemical engineering from Exeter University and is a graduate of the advanced management program at Harvard Business School as well as the business economics program at Oxford University.
Senior Leadership and Staff
As Research Director, Dale leads Ecofiscal’s research team in developing analysis, insight, and policy recommendations on environment-economy issues. He is also an Associate at the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) and Principal of Sky Curve Consulting, specializing in environmental policy and economics. As a consultant, Dale has provided analysis and support to a diverse range of clients including the National Round Table on the Environment and the Economy (NRTEE), Natural Resources Canada, Environment Canada, Industry Canada, multiple provincial governments, the World Bank, and the Environmental Commissioner of Ontario. Previously, he worked as Policy Advisor at the NRTEE, leading research on carbon pricing and climate policy. He holds a masters degree in resource and environmental management from Simon Fraser University. He spends his spare time skiing, hiking, paddling, or chasing his two-year old.
Jonathan Arnold is a Research Associate with Canada’s Ecofiscal Commission. He previously worked as an Economist with Environment Canada’s Regulatory Analysis and Valuation Division in Gatineau, where he worked on developing cost-benefit analysis for industry air pollution regulations. Jonathan earned a Master’s of Public Policy from Simon Fraser University, and wrote his thesis on the economic and environmental costs of road congestion in Metro Vancouver for commercial goods movement. He’s also worked as a Junior Policy Analyst with the British Columbia Business Council and as a Research Assistant at SFU in public policy and economics. Jonathan was born and raised in Halifax, NS, and has lived in Stockholm, Vancouver, and now Ottawa. As a competitive cyclist, Jonathan spends much of his free time in the bike saddle at Gatineau Park, but can also be found on the basketball court, travelling, hiking, or lounging with a good book.
Jason is a Research Associate with Canada’s Ecofiscal Commission. Before joining the Commission, he worked as a project manager and economist at the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD), where his work focused on climate change mitigation and adaptation, green public procurement, and sustainable infrastructure. Jason is the author of numerous publications, including environmental fiscal reform studies for the governments of Mauritius and Mozambique, funded by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). Prior to IISD he worked as a consultant for EnviroEconomics and Global Advantage Consulting. Jason is a graduate of the MA Economics program at York University, and holds a certificate from Laval University’s Partnership for Economic Policy (PEP) in development policy modelling. Outside of work he enjoys spending time with his wife Fiona and dog ‘Beans’, and bringing an economist’s obsession with efficiency to his small urban garden.
Annette’s career has been focused on advancing and disseminating cutting edge sustainability research and practice. At the Ecofiscal Commission, Annette oversees all communications and events. She is also a marketing and development consultant with Learning for a Sustainable Future, an organization focused on integrating sustainability concepts into the education system. Prior to joining the Commission, Annette served as coordinator at York University’s Institute for Research and Innovation in Sustainability for seven years. She also served as a board member for Centres d’Accueil Héritage for seven years, including acting as its chair for one year. Annette has a Master of Business Administration from the Schulich School of Business, where she specialized in sustainability, strategy and nonprofit management. She also holds a Bachelor of Science from the University of Waterloo, specializing in environmental science and business, with minors in both economics and biology. In her spare time, she enjoys yoga, rock climbing and cooking.
Alexandra is the Outreach Manager for Canada’s Ecofiscal Commission. Her portfolio includes public affairs and online communications. Before joining the Commission, Alexandra worked as the Manager of Corporate Development for the Ontario Chamber of Commerce. Prior to the Chamber, Alexandra was a public affairs consultant, project managing large government relations files. Alexandra has always had a passion for politics and was able to gain a solid understanding of government during her years working in Ontario politics in the Office of the Premier and the Minister of Economic Development and Innovation. Alexandra brings with her strategic communications and stakeholder relations experience; she has a keen understanding of how to identify and connect with an audience. Born and raised in Toronto, Alexandra is a graduate of the University of Toronto. Outside of work, when she is not immersed in the news or a book, Alexandra enjoys spending time outside with family and friends.
Antonietta Ballerini is the Project Administrator for Canada’s Ecofiscal Commission. Based at McGill University, she manages finances, logistics and operations for the commission. Antonietta oversees the funding and budgets for the administrative, communications & research teams and also provides executive assistance to the Chair. Before being appointed to the commission in mid-2015, Antonietta was Administrative Coordinator for the Departments of Economics, Political Science and Philosophy at McGill University. She has coordinated numerous special events and assisted with various organizational projects; from planning to implementation, handling process improvements, accounting, auditing and financial management. With an educational background in Accounting, Antonietta has worked for over 15 years in a broad range of finance and administrative roles, in both the academic and business worlds. Certified in Project Management and Comprehensive Business Analysis, Antonietta knows how to find the answers, create the solutions and make things happen in a way that allows operations to unfold quite seamlessly. Antonietta lives in Montreal Quebec with her 2 daugthers. She has a deep appreciation for nature and loves to travel.
Canada’s Ecofiscal Commission is proud to acknowledge the support and contributions of: