What effect will Canada’s efforts to reduce GHGs have?

Canada’s contributions make a difference in the fight against global climate change

  • Countries around the world are taking action to reduce their emissions.
  • Every single tonne of greenhouse gases emissions has a cost — no matter where it’s produced.
  • As a result, every tonne of GHG emissions that any country reduces has an economic benefit in terms of avoided climate change.

Canada is a big enough GHG emitter for its contributions to matter

  • Canada has the ninth largest GHG emissions of any country worldwide.
  • Canada has 0.5% of the world’s population, but produces 1.6% of the world’s greenhouse gas emission. In per capita terms, we emit more than China and the U.S.
  • If everyone in the world produced as many GHG emissions as the average Canadian, global emissions would more than triple.

Per capita GHG emissions for 2013

Canada’s example to other countries matters

  • If a developed country like Canada were to say that its emissions were too small or that action was too costly, smaller emitters could make the same claim.
  • Leading by example does not put Canada at a competitive disadvantage.
  • Demonstrating policy successes (e.g., British Columbia’s carbon tax) can encourage other countries to follow suit.


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